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Foreign Direct Investment in Baltic countries

  
 
 
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Introduction. The meaning of "Foreign Direct Investment". Positive and negative aspects of Foreign Direct Investment. Main Advantages of Foreign Direct Investment. Disadvantages of Foreign Direct Investment. Foreign Direct Investment in Baltic States. Foreign Direct Investment in Lithuania. Foreign Direct Investment in Latvia. Foreign Direct Investment in Estonia. Conclusions. Information Source. Appendices (1).

Ištrauka

The investment plays the main role in development in country’s economy. Given expensive and marginal resources of capital in the country very important role falls on foreign direct investment. It brings not only financial resources, but also technologies, experts and the experience of management. The result of this – well paid job places, steady revenues of budget and technological development of country. The local businessmen also wins, by using modern foreigners methods and knowledge about world markets, they can explore their business or create new one in similar or different field.
But this is theoretical, how about reality practices? It can be so that rich countries just use poor ones, by bringing out excess profits, and so leaving only poverty and slippage. Besides, it is not a secret that a flow of cheats, looking for trustful and corrupt officers, goes to poor countries.
Fast flood of FDI globally "talks" in favor of them. In many countries the liberalization of investment is observed, which merge into stimulation of investment. And the most interesting is that in developed countries foreign direct investment grows all the time.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) has grown dramatically and is now the largest and most stable source of private capital for developing countries and economies in transition, accounting for nearly 50 percent of all those flows. Meanwhile, the growing role of FDI in host countries has been accompanied by a change of attitude, from critical wariness toward multinational corporations to sometimes-uncritical enthusiasm about their role in the development process.
The goal of my course work was to exhibit the main points of foreign direct investment, its influence on countries’ economies and then try to understand why these investments are so important. In the beginning of my work I explained what does the Foreign Direct Investment mean by disclosing few definitions of it. I also included the advantages and disadvantages of my analyzed matter, as the impact of FDI was also interesting for me and I considered it as the important part while examining my topic.
After that I was trying to explore the foreign direct investment context in Baltic States while presenting some statistical data of FDI inflows, target industries and major investors in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia and my aim was to compare FDI in these countries.


Foreign Direct Investment is the category of international investment in which a resident entity in one economy obtains a lasting interest in an enterprise resident in another. A lasting interest implies the existence of a long-term relationship between the direct investor and the enterprise and a significant degree of influence by the investor on the management of the enterprise. The criterion used is that "a direct investment is established when a resident in one economy owns 10 per cent or more of the ordinary shares or voting power of an incorporated enterprise, or the equivalent for an unincorporated enterprise. All subsequent transactions between affiliated enterprises, both incorporated and unincorporated, are direct investment transactions".
FDI implies that the investor exerts a significant degree of influence on the management of the enterprise resident in the other economy. Such investment involves both the initial transactions between the two entities and all subsequent transactions between them and among foreign affiliates, both incorporated and unincorporated.
FDI also can be defined an internalized investment flow which includes capital assets as well as intangible assets. The investor keeps control of the subsidiary that it has established and derives benefits from its investment through:
- Increase in sales (either on local markets or through exports to third markets);
- Reduction of costs of production;
- Increase in production efficiency of the group as a whole.
The foreign investor assumes the operational risks of its enterprise.
FDI is firm- or sector-specific, that is, host countries cannot decide on the destination of these investments. ...

Rašto darbo duomenys
Tinklalapyje paskelbta2006-09-27
DalykasFinansų kursinis darbas
KategorijaFinansai
TipasKursiniai darbai
Apimtis23 puslapiai 
Literatūros šaltiniai23
KalbaAnglų kalba
Dydis1.29 MB
AutoriusAgnė
Viso autoriaus darbų6 darbai
Metai2005 m
Klasė/kursas3
Mokytojas/DėstytojasA.Mažintienė
Švietimo institucijaVilniaus Gedimino Technikos Universitetas
FakultetasVerslo vadybos fakultetas
Failo pavadinimasMicrosoft Word Foreign Direct Investment in Baltic countries [speros.lt].doc
 

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  • Kursiniai darbai
  • 23 puslapiai 
  • Vilniaus Gedimino Technikos Universitetas / 3 Klasė/kursas
  • A.Mažintienė
  • 2005 m
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